Title: Amends Constitution: Allows local bonds for financing affordable housing with nongovernmental entities. Requires voter approval, annual audits
How much would it cost? $0. Local governments can create bonds. The bonds might cost money. Voters would vote on the bonds first.
People for this say: Homes are expensive. There are not enough homes that everyone can buy or rent in Oregon. Local governments include cities, counties, and regional governments. Local governments cannot work with private companies to create more housing. Often, they cannot use money from the U.S. government. They need to match federal money with local money. If this passes, local governments could work with private companies. They could create bonds for voters to vote on. They could create more affordable homes. Taxes would only go up after a vote. Republicans and Democrats supported this measure.
People against this say: This ballot measure does not say how the local governments would use the money they raise from bonds. It also does not say what “affordable” means. It would cost residents money. Residents would have little say on how the money is used.
Title: Amends Constitution: Prohibits taxes/fees based on transactions for “groceries” (defined) enacted or amended after September 2017
How much would it cost? Not sure.
People for this say: Groceries in Oregon have always been tax-free. If this passes, the government would never be able to tax groceries. A tax on groceries would raise the cost of food. It would make it even harder for poor people to pay for groceries. A grocery tax would hurt people and businesses. It would also hurt low income people and people of color more. This measure would not raise or lower taxes.
People against this say: Businesses that sell food are now taxed. If this passes, it would be harder to lower and raise taxes on these businesses. Voting no keeps taxes that go to public funds. These funds can be used for social services. Large businesses would gain from this measure more than small businesses. Small businesses cannot get a tax break. Large businesses would not be taxed fairly. Many social services could lose funding, like the Oregon Health Plan.This measure does not prevent taxes on many common goods. Diapers and medicine could be taxed. The measure is written poorly. Many people cannot agree on what it will do.
Title: Amends Constitution: Expands (beyond taxes) application of requirement that three-fifths legislative majority approve bills raising revenue
How much would it cost? Not sure.
People for this say: The state legislature can pass new taxes. Usually they need a three-fifths “supermajority” vote to raise taxes. Three-fifths (60%) must vote yes to raise taxes. But they can raise taxes in other ways with a majority (51%) vote. They can take away tax deductions and credits, or raise fees. This hurts businesses, farmers, and homeowners. Oregon has very high taxes. The state has raised taxes and fees on many things: businesses, cars, gas, health care, hunting, fishing, and camping. These taxes make it more expensive to own a home. The state may take away deductions. If this passes, they would need a three-fifths vote to raise taxes these ways.
People against this say: This changes the state constitution. The legislature will slow down. It will be harder to pass bills. It will be harder to get rid of special tax breaks, even in an emergency. These tax breaks help only a few people who are already wealthy. It will be harder to protect the Oregon Health Plan, veteran’s services, schools, the environment, and other social services. It will be harder to respond to disasters like earthquakes and fires.
Title: Repeals law limiting use of state/local law enforcement resources to enforce federal immigration laws
How much would it cost? Not sure.
People for this say: Police and sheriffs should arrest people who break U.S. laws. U.S. laws are important. Everyone has to follow the law. People who move here from other countries without permission may also break other laws. Many of those crimes can be violent. We could prevent those crimes. People who moved here from other countries without permission can report crimes on tip lines. They do not have to give their names.
People against this say: Police and sheriffs will target people because of how they look. Republicans and Democrats worked on the law we already have. Police and sheriffs can already work with the U.S. government. They should focus on state and local crimes. People who moved here from other countries without permission will be afraid to help solve crimes. They will be afraid to get health care or go to work. People who move here from other countries are good for our society and businesses. They deserve our help to lead better lives. Most Americans came here from other countries.
Title: Amends Constitution: Prohibits spending “public funds” (defined) directly/indirectly for “abortion” (defined); exceptions; reduces abortion access
How much would it cost? About $4.8 million in the first year. That amount would grow larger over time. The state would save about $2.9 million that it spends paying for ending pregnancies. The state would spend about $22.2 million more on births, health care, and food social services. The state would get $14.5 million from the U.S. government for births, health care, and food social services.
People for this say: Oregon allows tax money to pay to end pregnancies. A fetus is a person during a pregnancy. Some people don’t support ending pregnancies. They don’t want their tax money to pay to end someone else’s pregnancy. The money can be spent on other social services. Those services could support pregnant people and children. This would help women. A person would still have the right to end their pregnancy. If ending a pregnancy is medically necessary, the state would still pay. The state should not pay to end a pregnancy unless it is medically necessary. Many people feel sad for a long time about ending a pregnancy. Society is better when there are more people born to be helpers.
People against this say: Many people in Oregon need health care related to pregnancy. Ending a pregnancy is a health care need. If this passes, it would make it harder for people to get health care. It would affect people who need the most help. It would hurt people of color, low income people, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. It would cost the state more money. It is a human right to control your own body. It would hurt the right to end a pregnancy. It would be harder to end a pregnancy. Many people cannot afford to end their pregnancy. They need help from the government. This keeps people safe. Without help, people would find unsafe ways to end their pregnancy. People who work for the government would get worse health care.